Metal casting is a traditional technique that has been used for centuries to create all kinds of objects ranging from small jewellery pieces to large industrial components.

Whether you’re a hobbyist looking to explore a new craft or an entrepreneur seeking to start your own metalworking business, learning how to cast metal can be a rewarding endeavour.

In this blog post, we’ll take you through the fundamentals of metal casting, covering everything from equipment and materials to a step-by-step guide on how you can get started.


What Is Metal Casting?

At its core, metal casting involves pouring molten metal into a mould, allowing it to cool and solidify, and then removing the final product. This method allows users to create intricate shapes and designs that would be difficult to create using other techniques.

Metal casting can be categorised into different techniques like sand casting, investment casting, die casting, and others. Each method has its own advantages and practical uses, so make sure to pick the one that suits your project best.


Essential Equipment and Materials

Before you start metal casting, it is important to make sure you gather all the equipment and materials you’ll need, with one of the most important being a foundry furnace.

A foundry furnace is used to melt the metal for casting. Depending on your budget and needs, you can opt for a propane-powered furnace, an electric furnace, or even build your furnace using readily available materials.

Another crucial component would be the crucible which is a container made of heat-resistant material, such as graphite or ceramic, used to hold the molten metal during the casting process.

Moulds are the negative impressions of the desired casting, into which the molten metal is poured. Moulds can be made from various materials, including sand, plaster, and silicone rubber, depending on the casting technique.

A pattern is a replica of the final casting design used to create the mould. Patterns can be made from wood, metal, or plastic and are essential for achieving accurate and consistent results. It is also important to choose the right type of metal that you wish to use for your cast as some metals like aluminium have much better properties for this than others.


A Step-By-Step Guide

Begin by creating or obtaining a pattern of the object you want to cast. The pattern can be made from wood, metal, or plastic and should be a replica of the final casting. Ensure that the pattern is properly finished and free of any defects that could transfer to the mould.

Place the pattern in a flask, which consists of two halves that fit together. Fill the flask with tightly packed sand, ensuring that the sand is evenly distributed around the pattern. Use a rammer to compact the sand firmly and create a smooth surface.

Carefully remove the pattern from the compacted sand, leaving behind a cavity that matches the shape of the pattern. This cavity will serve as the mould for the casting.

Create a pouring basin by digging a depression in the sand near the mould cavity. Connect the pouring basin to the mould cavity with a sprue, which is a channel that allows the molten metal to flow into the mould.

Heat the metal in a crucible until it reaches its melting point. The temperature will vary depending on the type of metal you’re casting. Use a foundry furnace or other suitable heating source to achieve the required temperature.

Once the metal is molten, carefully pour it into the pouring basin, allowing it to flow through the sprue and fill the mould cavity. Take care to pour the metal slowly and steadily to minimise turbulence and avoid introducing air bubbles into the mould.

Allow the metal to cool and solidify within the mould cavity. The cooling time will vary depending on the size and complexity of the casting, as well as the type of metal used. Avoid disturbing the mould during the cooling process to ensure the integrity of the casting.

Once the metal has cooled completely, carefully break away the sand mould to reveal the casting. Use a hammer or other suitable tools to remove any excess sand and reveal the finished casting.



Metal casting is a fascinating and rewarding craft that offers endless possibilities for creativity and innovation. Whether you’re interested in creating custom jewellery, industrial components, or works of art, mastering the art of metal casting opens up a world of opportunities.

If you require any kind of assistance regarding casting metal ot perhaps need metal fabrication services, please do not hesitate to get in touch with our team and we will be happy to provide support in any way that we can.